Civics Ch.3

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4. Answer the following questions in one or two words:

a. What is the other name of Legislative Council?

Ans. Vidhan Parishad

b. How many union territories are there in India?

Ans. 8

c. What is the tenure of member in Vidhan Parishad?

Ans. 6 Years

d. Which is the executive part of the state?

Ans. The executive part of the state in India is the State Government, headed by the Governor, with the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers as the real executive authorities.

5. Answer the following questions in brief:

a. Write any two common qualification for members of two houses.

Ans.

1. The individual must be a citizen of India.

2. The individual must not be of unsound mind and should not be declared so by a competent court.

b. How are laws made?

Laws in India are made through the following steps:

1. Introduction of a Bill in either house of Parliament.

2. Passage of the Bill in both houses after discussions and possible amendments.

3. Assent by the President.

4. Publication in the official Gazette of India, making it a law.

c. When does a deadlock occur?

Ans. A deadlock occurs in the Indian Parliament when there is a disagreement between the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha on a particular legislative matter, and they are unable to reach a consensus through discussions and negotiations.

d. Define State Legislature.

Ans. The State Legislature refers to the legislative branch of government at the state level in India. It consists of two houses: the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and the Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) in states that have a bicameral system. The State Legislature is responsible for making laws, overseeing the executive branch, and representing the interests of the state's citizens.

e. What is the term of Vidhan Parishad?

Ans. The term of members in the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) in India is six years. However, one-third of the members retire every two years, ensuring a continuous renewal of the council.

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